Cardano Improvement Proposals


CIP 10 - Transaction Metadata Label Registry

Contents

Abstract

Cardano transaction metadata forces metadata entries to namespace their content using an unsigned integer key. This specification is a registry of which use cases has allocated which number to avoid collisions.

Terminology

Transaction metadata refers to an optional CBOR object in every transaction since the start of the Shelley era. It is defined as the follow CDDL data structure

transaction_metadatum =
        { * transaction_metadatum => transaction_metadatum }
      / [ * transaction_metadatum ]
      / int
      / bytes .size (0..64)
      / text .size (0..64)
    
    transaction_metadatum_label = uint
    
    transaction_metadata =
      { * transaction_metadatum_label => transaction_metadatum }
    

Motivation

The top level of the transaction metadata CBOR object is a mapping of transaction_metadatum_label to the actual metadata where the transaction_metadatum_label represents an (ideally unique) key for a metadata use case. This allows enables the following:

1) Fast lookup for nodes to query all transactions containing metadata that uses a specific key 2) Allows a single transaction to include multiple metadata entries for different standards

Creating a registry for transaction_metadatum_label values has the following benefit:

1) It makes it easy for developers to know which transaction_metadatum_label to use to query their node if looking for transactions that use a standard 2) It makes it easy to avoid collisions with other standards that use transaction metadata

Specification

These are the reserved transaction_metadatum_label values

transaction_metadatum_label description
0 - 15 reserved*
65536 - 131071 reserved - private use

For the registry itself, please see registry.json in the machine-readable format. Please open your pull request against this file.

* It's best to avoid using 0 or any a similar number like 1 that other people are very likely to use. Prefer instead to generate a random number

This CIP is licensed under CC-BY-4.0